Politics

Explained: The politics of Uttar Pradesh, over the years

With 80 seats out of 543 in the Lok Sabha, 403 in the Assembly, and 31 of 245 in the Rajya Sabha, along with 100 members of the Legislative Assembly, Uttar Pradesh with over 15 crore electors has more weight than any other state in state politics . Yogi Adityanath, who was sworn in as Prime Minister on March 19, 2017, will be the third (after Akhilesh Yadav and Mayawati) to complete his five-year term.

Out of the 403 seats for the Assembly, 9 are currently vacant; Out of 394 effective memberships, the BJP comprises 303, 49 SP, 15 BSP and Congress 7. As the National Elections Union heads through seven phases between February 10 and March 7, you can take a look at its political history.

2017: Yu-Gi-Oh!

The 2017 elections saw the resurgence of the BJP – which swept the state with 312 seats, not counting the numbers of its allies – and the emergence of Yogi Adityanath. Adityanath, the chief of Gorakhsh Beth in Gorakhpur, was the deputy of the Lok Sabha when the BJP decided to install him as prime minister. The BJP ran in the elections without putting forward a CM candidate. Then MP Keshav Prasad Maurya, who came to the BJP from Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), was the head of the state party. Adityanath’s nomination surprised many in the party.

While BJP and state (organization) General Secretary Sunil Bansal is known to have influenced the decisions of his government, Adityanath has managed to create the perception that his potential rivals within the party in the UP are now in a weak position. Today, his supporters see a greater role for him at the center in the coming years.

Uttar Pradesh goes to polls in 7 phases from February 10

2012: Paint Akhilesh

Under the rule of Mulayam Singh Yadav, the Samajwadi Party (SP) gained a reputation for being a party of muscular men. Akhilesh prevented his son Engineer from entering some of the criminals in SP. This, and his promises of free laptops and benefits for unemployed youth, worked for him. In an election in which the BJP brought Uma Bharti to contend for the Cherkhari seat, word emerged that Mollaim would make his son Prime Minister. The Socialist Party won 224 seats, and Akhilesh was sworn in as the state’s youngest deputy at age 38.

The Akhilesh system was marked by internal problems. Akhilesh was also seen as reducing himself to the Yadav chief, and a large section of Muslims. He has been reluctant to speak out about conservatism and other issues fundamental to his party’s support base, and the BJP has spread the message that a number of candidates from its caste have only been selected through the state’s Public Service Commission. He seized leadership of his party, marginalizing his uncles, but lost the 2017 election he once thought would be a picnic.

Akhilesh Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav during an election campaign in Meerut, December 2020 (Express Photo)

2007: Miyawati returns

Mayawati’s fourth term as prime minister was historic as she won her first one-party majority since 1991. Her social engineering included the Brahmins, opposed by her mentor Kanchi Ram, and brought the Dalit-Brahmin group 206 seats. Mayawati became UP’s first CEO to complete a full five-year term (2007-12). She and her co-star Satish Mishra are trying the same caste-based formula in 2022.

2002: Millim’s Return

After a period of Presidential rule from March to May 2002, Mayawati became the Prime Minister for the third time after the BJP gave its support to the BSP. But some BJP leaders started a campaign against the alliance, and Mayawati resigned in August 2003. Mullaim was sworn in with the support of BJP dissidents, and ran the government until 2007. While the NDA lost power in 2004 at the center, the Socialist Party gained 39 seats lok sabha. Malem was known to be under constant pressure from successive governments at the center due to the initial investigation conducted by the Central Bank of Iraq into a complaint against his family.

1999-02: Kalyan and Rajnath

Under the watch of CM Kalyan Singh, the BJP in 1998 won 58 of the UP’s then 85 seats in the Lok Sabha. But in 1999, the number was reduced to 29. Amid the pressure against him, Kalyan Singh refused to resign to make way for Rajnath Singh. The BJP has promoted the octogenarian Ram Prakash Gupta to the chair of Prime Minister. His government granted OBC status to the Jats in UP. When the leadership of Kalyan Singh-Kalraj Mishra lost control, Kalyan left the BJP, while the Gupta too was unpopular. Rajnath became CM in October 2000. During his 18 months as CM, he appointed Samajik Nyay Samiti, headed by the late Hukum Singh, who saw that the Jats were more backward than the Yadavs in the state. The Supreme Court overturned these efforts. In 2002, the BJP finished third with only 88 seats, and Rajnath Singh returned to Delhi.

1996-03: CMs of short duration

In the 1996 elections, the BJP took 174 seats, less than a majority, and the rule of the president was imposed. In April 1997, the BJP and BSP (67 MLAs) agreed to rotate CMs every six months. Mayawati got the first six months, and made way for Kalyan Singh, but soon withdrew his support. The BJP responded by breaching the BSP and the Congress. New groups called Janatantrik BSP (headed by Chaudhary Narendra Singh) and Loktantrik Congress (led by Naresh Agrawal) lent support to the BJP and joined the government. On February 21, 1998, Governor Romesh Bhandari dismissed the government and sworn in the Jagdambika Pal from the Congress. Kalyan Singh appealed against it in the Allahabad High Court, under which he was sworn in as CM on February 23.

Modi UP Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Union Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath at the groundbreaking ceremony of Noida International Airport, near Jewar in Gautam Buddha Nagar district.

1993: Miyawati’s first mission

The Mallam, who formed his previous government (1989-1991) with the help of the BJP and then gained the support of Congress when the BJP withdrew its support, entered into a partnership with the BJP in 1993. The Socialist Party and the BSP won 109 and 67 seats respectively . . But the BSP withdrew from the government in May 1995, making it a minority. This resulted in the so-called “guesthouse incident”, in which several BPP lawmakers including Mayawati were reportedly assaulted by SP men. The BJP pledged to support the BSP if Mayawati raised her claim, and was sworn in as the first Dalit of the UP.

1991: Ram Mandir

To counter the ‘Mandal’ forces, the BJP in 1991 anticipated Kalyan Singh, OBC Lodh, as the face of CM. The party won 221 seats out of 425 members. But his government was sacked along with three other BJP governments after the demolition of the Babri Mosque on 6 December 1992. Kalyan became the Prime Minister again in 1997, but was forced to resign due to disagreements with then Prime Minister AB Vajpayee.

1989: The Milliam Begins

Opinion polls in 1989 established Mullayam as a strong leader, with him choosing Janata Dal as CM over Ajit Singh. He formed his government with external support from the BJP, which withdrew its support for both the central government led by VP Singh and the Mullayam Federation government after CM Lalu Prasad Yadav, LK Advani, arrested and arrested Ram Rath Yatra in October 1990. Mallams saved his government with the help of Congress. His government, along with that of Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar in the center, fell after Congress withdrew his support, but Mullayam has since emerged as the most non-BJP non-WP leader.

1980-89: VP Singh & Tiwari

Congress came to power in 1980, and VP Singh became CM. His regime was marked by allegations of fake confrontations with the police and major law and order incidents, including the 1981 Bahamai massacre. After the dacoits in 1982 killed his brother, Judge Chandrashekhar Pratap Singh of the Allahabad High Court, Singh resigned, and was replaced by Shribati Mishra, who was He replaced him with ND Tiwari in August 1984. Tiwari led the Congress to win the next election, but Rajiv Gandhi replaced him with Veer Bahadur Singh in 1985, with Tiwari replacing him again in 1988.

priyanka gandhi Conference Secretary-General Priyanka Gandhi Vadra in Chitrakot in December 2021 (Express Photo)

1977-80: The Janata Party Years

The Janata Party, which was formed by merging several parties to fight the Congress, won the Lok Sabha elections in 1977. The government of Prime Minister Morarji Desai dismissed the state governments in Congress, including UP’s ND Tiwari. In June 1977, the Janata Party won 352 of the 425 seats, but a struggle for the premiership erupted. In the absence of consensus, the MLAs voted for Ram Naresh Yadav, who became CM. In the wake of the police atrocities incident in Narayanpur (Diorya), CM resigned in February 1979 and was succeeded by Benarsi Das. In February 1980, after her return as Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi dismissed the government in UP.

1967-77: The Non-Congress phase

In the 1967 elections, the Congress won 199 seats, less than a majority, while the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) won 98. Jat leader Chaudhary Charan Singh seceded from the Congress to form the Bhartiya Kranti Dal (BKD). With the help of socialist leaders Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, and Nanaji Deshmukh of the BJS, Charan Singh was sworn in as head of the Samyukta Vidhayak Dal (SVD), a coalition of various parties ranging from CPI (M). ) on the left for BJS on the right. Encountered many problems. Some parties withdrew from the coalition. In February 1968, he was forced to resign. After a year in office, the Congress returned to power in 1969, and Chandra Bhanu Gupta returned to the position of CM. Within a year, Congress split, and Gupta was forced to resign. Charan Singh returned in February 1970 as CM, this time with the help of Indira Gandhi Congress (right).

opinion button 300 ieWithin months, CM had problems. Sharan Singh requested the resignation of 14 ministers from the Congress (right) who refused under the leadership of Kamlabati Tripathi. When Charan Singh recommended their expulsion, Governor B Gopala Reddy instead asked him to resign. After the rule of the President, elections were held and Tribhuvan Narain Singh was sworn in at the head of the SVD government formed by Congress Leaders (O). But months later, he lost his council by-elections and was forced to resign. Kamlabati Tripathi took over and remained in the party until June 1973, when a mutiny by the provincial armed police forced him out.

Soon after the rule of the President, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna became CM in November 1973. He resigned in November 1975 following disagreements with Sanjay Gandhi during the emergency, and was replaced by ND Tiwari.

1951-1967: Congressional Domination

In the first assembly elections in 1951, there were 346 seats, including 83 dual-member seats. The Congress won 388, and Pandit Govind was continued by Palap Pant, who is already the Prime Minister. In December 1954, he was succeeded by Varanasi-based Sanskrit scholar Dr. Sampurnanand, who remained in the position of CM after Congress won again in 1957. In 1960, after problems with the Kamalapati Tripathi, Sampurnanand had to make way for Chandra Bhanu Gupta. Sucheta Kripalani replaced Gupta in 1963, becoming UP’s first female CM.

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