Health

Hunters, people who handle birds warned after avian flu detected

The US Department of Agriculture confirmed Friday that a wild duck harvested by a hunter in Coulton County is the first wild bird since 2016 found in the United States with highly pathogenic avian influenza. The H5 type of avian disease was found in an American pigeon and tested by the Clemson University Veterinary Diagnostic Center in Columbia. The diagnosis was confirmed by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Previous: Experts warn chicken owners on subcommittee of intensifying biosecurity This type of high-risk bird flu virus is low to people but can pose a risk to the poultry industry, and is an important part of South Carolina’s agricultural economy. “We ask anyone involved in poultry or egg production, from large farms to backyard flocks, to review their biosecurity practices to ensure the health of their birds,” said state veterinarian Michael Newlt, who directs Clemson Poultry Health, which includes the Diagnostic Center Vet. “So far we have no indication that highly virulent avian influenza has jumped from wild migratory birds into poultry and we would very much like to keep it that way,” Niolt warned the United States of America’s World Organization for Animal Health, known as the OIE, against the discovery as required under international trade protocols. So far in 2022, Europe has been busy with H5 o cases for their part, reporting to the OIE on sporadic infections across the continent from Portugal to Bulgaria. In December, Canada reported two separate cases in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Julie Helm, a veterinarian and poultry specialist at Clemson Livestock Poultry Health, advised South Carolina residents to protect their young poultry flocks with two simple statements: “Keep them away and keep them clean.” Keep it away: Keep poultry and pets away from wild ducks, geese, and their environment – ​​ponds, lakes and swampy areas. Be careful not to trace the wild waterfowl virus back into your flock if you are hunting or hiking in a wild waterfowl environment. Buy new birds well sourced Reputation Keep new birds or returning birds separated from your home flocks for 30 days Keep pests (rodents, raccoons, opossums, rabbits) away from birdhouses Keep visitors away from your birding areas What they may carry on their feet, clothing, or vehicles ؟Keep it clean: Clean cages and cages Clean any equipment first before you get to your property Wear avian farm clothing and shoes Wash your hands before and after handling birds Change bird food and water daily Wash your vehicles and trailers after visiting Other poultry facilities and before you go home – go to the car wash The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers the risk of infection with HPAI H5 low No human infections have occurred from European H5 viruses Asian In the United States, however, the USDA Veterinary and Wildlife Service recommends hunters and others take precautions to protect themselves and poultry they may encounter from the virus: Do not harvest or handle wild birds that are clearly sick or found dead. Dress up your game birds in the field whenever possible. If you must groom birds in the home, clean them in an area where pets and poultry cannot reach. Keep a separate pair of shoes to wear in the game clean-up area only. If this is not possible, wear rubber boots and clean/sanitize your shoes before entering or exiting the area. Do not eat, drink or smoke during the cleaning game. Always wear rubber gloves while cleaning game or cleaning bird feeders. Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after handling game or cleaning bird feeders. If soapy water is not available, use alcohol-based wipes. Use tools meant to clean up your game, both in the field and at home. Do not use these tools around pet poultry or birds. Wash all tools and work surfaces with soap and water, then sanitize them. Avoid cross-contamination. Keep uncooked toy in a separate container, away from cooked or ready-to-eat foods. cook bushmeat well; Indoor poultry should reach 165 degrees Fahrenheit to kill pathogens and parasites. Double bag of droppings and feathers. tie the inner bag; Be sure to take off the rubber gloves and leave them in the outer bag before closing it, then put the bag in a trash where pet poultry and birds can’t reach. This litter can also be safe against the reach of children, pets, or other animals.

The USDA confirmed Friday that a wild duck harvested by a hunter in Coulton County is the first wild bird since 2016 found in the United States with highly pathogenic avian influenza, or highly pathogenic avian influenza.

The Eurasian H5 type of bird disease was found in an American wigeon and tested by the Clemson University Veterinary Diagnostic Center in Columbia, officials said in a statement. The diagnosis was confirmed by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Previous: Experts warn chicken owners of the Supreme Committee against intensifying biosecurity

This type of high-risk bird flu virus is considered low-risk to people but can pose a risk to the poultry industry, which is an important part of South Carolina’s agricultural economy.

“We are asking anyone involved in poultry or egg production, from large farms to backyard flocks, to review biosecurity practices to ensure the health of their birds,” said state veterinarian Michael J. Nyult, who runs Clemson Livestock. Poultry health, which includes the Veterinary Diagnostic Center.

“So far we have no indication that HPAI has jumped from wild migratory birds to poultry and we would very much like to keep it that way,” Newlet said.

The US Department of Agriculture warned the World Organization for Animal Health, known as the OIE, against the discovery as required under international trade protocols.

So far in 2022, Europe has remained preoccupied with its H5 cases, with the OIE reporting sporadic infections across the continent from Portugal to Bulgaria. In December, Canada reported two separate cases in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Julie Helm, a veterinarian and poultry specialist at Clemson Livestock Poultry Health, advises South Carolina residents to protect their young poultry flocks with two simple phrases: “Keep them away and keep them clean.”

keep it away: Keep your poultry and pets away from wild ducks and geese and their environment – ponds, lakes and swampy areas. Be careful not to trace the wild waterfowl virus back into your flock if you are hunting or hiking in a wild waterfowl environment. Buy new birds from a reputable source. Keep new birds or returning birds separated from your home flocks for 30 days. Keep pests (rodents, raccoons, opossums, rabbits) away from birdhouses. keep visitors away from your birding areas; What would they carry on their feet, clothes, or vehicles?

Keep it clean: Cleaning cages and cages. Clean any equipment first before you reach your property. Wear farm clothing and shoes designed to care for birds. Wash your hands before and after handling birds. Change the bird’s food and water daily. Wash your vehicles and trailers after visiting other poultry facilities and before returning home – wash the vehicle.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers the risk of infection with the highly pathogenic H5 avian influenza to be low. No human infections with Eurasian H5 viruses have occurred in the United States.

However, the USDA Veterinary and Wildlife Services recommends hunters and others take precautions to protect themselves and poultry they may encounter from the virus:

  • Do not harvest or handle wild birds that are clearly sick or found dead.
  • Dress up your game birds in the field whenever possible. If you must groom birds in the home, clean them in an area where pets and poultry cannot reach.
  • Keep a separate pair of shoes to wear in the game clean-up area only. If this is not possible, wear rubber boots and clean/sanitize your shoes before entering or exiting the area.
  • Do not eat, drink or smoke during the cleaning game.
  • Always wear rubber gloves while cleaning game or cleaning bird feeders.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after handling game or cleaning bird feeders. If soapy water is not available, use alcohol-based wipes.
  • Use tools meant to clean up your game, both in the field and at home. Do not use these tools around pet poultry or birds.
  • Wash all tools and work surfaces with soap and water, then sanitize them.
  • Avoid cross-contamination. Keep uncooked toy in a separate container, away from cooked or ready-to-eat foods.
  • cook bushmeat well; Indoor poultry should reach 165 degrees Fahrenheit to kill pathogens and parasites.
  • Double bag of droppings and feathers. tie the inner bag; Be sure to take off the rubber gloves and leave them in the outer bag before closing them.

Put the bag in a trash that domestic and pet birds cannot reach. This litter can also be safe against the reach of children, pets, or other animals.

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